Gum Care & Gum Disease

Gum Care & Gum Disease

Gum disease is an infection condition of the gum line that progresses deep within the bone that supports and covers the structure of your teeth.  Gum disease can progress from mild to a severe condition: Gingivitis, Periodontitis, and Advanced Periodontitis.

Signs and Symptoms

Here are the listed sign and symptoms of gum disease:

  • Gums that bleed while brushing or flossing
  • Swollen and tender gums
  • Gum tissues that recede or move away
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Visible signs of pus
  • Sensitive teeth

Causes of Gum Disease

The main cause of gum disease is the presence of bacteria in plaque. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film that forms over teeth whose presence instigates the formation of gum disease.


Regular brushing and flossing of teeth can help avoid surface accumulation of plaque. The presence of plaque can infect parts of your mouth such as gums and teeth.


 Gingivitis :

  • An early stage of gum disease
  • Inflammation of gums
  • A slight feeling of redness or swelling of gums


  • Gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line
  • Encourages penetration and growth of plaque

Advanced Periodontitis

  • More advanced stage of gum disease
  • Destroys bone fibers of your teeth
  • Affects bite, the way you eat and communicate


Early stages of gum disease can be prevented by practicing proper brushing and flossing. It is wise to use an anti-bacterial mouthwash and a fluoride toothpaste. Ensuring that teeth are free of plaque is an essential step to preventing gum disease.


There are several ways to treat gum disease. Undergoing professional cleaning by a dental hygienist is the most recommended way to remove plaque.  Advanced gum disease can be treated by scaling and root planing (deep cleaning). This greatly helps treat periodontal pockets and gum infection. Laser treatment can remove tartar deposits and other hard plaque.

In certain cases, a gingival flap surgery may be required to reduce gum pockets.

Get the best of dental care at Gregory Zabek Advanced General and Cosmetic Dentistry. Call us at (415) 362-1102 or schedule an appointment online.


490 Post St, Suite 404, San Francisco, CA 94102

Phone: (415) 362-1102

Fax: (415) 981-8727

Office Hours

MON - THU 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

FRI - SUN Closed

Get in Touch

Email: [email protected]

Call: (415) 362-1102